A couple of Hegelian basics anchor it investment, particularly, determinate negation and you will conceptual mind-reflection


A couple of Hegelian basics anchor it investment, particularly, determinate negation and you will conceptual mind-reflection

His extremely full statement occurs in Negative Dialectics, which is discussed afterwards

Appropriately, into the design a good “dialectic regarding enlightenment” the newest people in addition endeavor to perform a good dialectical enlightenment out-of enlightenment not in lieu of Hegel’s Phenomenology from Heart. “Determinate negation” (bestimmte Negation) reveals that immanent problem ‘s the treatment for wrest information of ideology. A good dialectical enlightenment off enlightenment “discloses for each and every image since the program. They shows us to discover out-of [the newest image’s] has actually this new entryway regarding falseness and that cancels the power and you may hands it out to details” (De 18). Beyond and you may because of like determinate negation, a dialectical enlightenment out of enlightenment in addition to recalls the foundation and you can objective from thought in itself. Such as for instance remember is the work of design since thinking-reflection from envision (der Begriff als Selbstbesinnung des Denkens, De thirty two). Conceptual self-reflection reveals that believe originates from the actual corporeal needs and you may wishes that get shed whenever believe gets only appliance of human care about-conservation. Additionally reveals that the intention of think is not to help you remain the blind domination regarding nature and you may people however, to suggest with the reconciliation. Adorno looks like the information from the conception in his then lectures into the Kant (KC), ethics (PMP), and you can metaphysics (MCP) and in their guides to the Husserl (AE), Hegel (H), and you will Heidegger (JA).

step 3. Vital Social Idea

Dialectic of Enlightenment presupposes a serious social idea with debt to Karl Marx. Adorno checks out Marx as the an excellent Hegelian materialist whoever criticism out of capitalism unavoidably boasts a critique of one’s ideologies you to definitely capitalism sustains and you can demands. The initial ones is what Marx titled “new fetishism off merchandise.” Marx aligned his feedback of product fetishism facing bourgeois personal researchers which only describe new capitalist economy but, in that way, at the same time misdescribe it and suggest a false personal attention. Predicated on Marx, bourgeois economists fundamentally disregard the exploitation inherent in order to capitalist development. It are not able to remember that capitalist design, for everyone the skin “freedom” and you will “fairness,” need certainly to extract excessive worth regarding work of one’s working class. Such as normal firms and you may people significantly less than capitalist requirements, bourgeois economists get rid of the fresh new product once the a fetish. It address it as if they were a natural object, having a longevity of a unique, one to really identifies almost every other commodities, within the versatility on the person affairs that actually endure the products. Marx, in comparison, argues that almost any renders a product a product extends back so you can peoples requires, wishes, and you will methods. The commodity don’t have “fool around with well worth” if this did not satisfy human desires. It can n’t have “replace value” if no one wished to change they to have something else entirely. And its own exchange well worth couldn’t become computed if for example the item did not give most other merchandise an effective “value” created by the new costs out-of peoples work energy and you may counted by the the common work date socially necessary to create commodities of numerous types.

Adorno’s societal theory tries to build Marx’s main expertise relevant so you can “later capitalism.” Although into the contract having Marx’s analysis of one’s item, Adorno thinks their critique out-of product fetishism will not go far sufficient. Significant change have occurred in the structure regarding capitalism since Marx’s go out. This involves posts with the many subjects: the fresh dialectic anywhere between forces off manufacturing and you may connections away from design; the relationship anywhere between county and you will economy; this new sociology out of classes and category understanding; the nature and you will reason for ideology; and the part off expert cultures, for example progressive ways and you may public idea, inside criticizing capitalism and you can needing the newest sales from neighborhood due to the fact a whole.

The main clues to these posts come from a concept out-of reification recommended of the Hungarian socialist Georg Lukacs about 1920s and you will regarding interdisciplinary projects and you can arguments presented of the members of the new Institute of Social Browse in the 1930s and you may 1940s. Strengthening into the Max Weber’s concept off rationalization, Lukacs argues your capitalist benefit is no longer one to business away from society near to others. Alternatively, item change is singlebörsen für mollige just about the main tossing idea for everybody circles from society. This allows item fetishism to permeate all social associations (elizabeth.grams., legislation, administration, journalism) in addition to most of the academic specialities, in addition to philosophy. “Reification” makes reference to “new architectural techniques in which the fresh product mode penetrates lifetime inside the capitalist people.” Lukacs is especially concerned with how reification produces humans “appear to be simple something obeying the inexorable laws of the opportunities” (Zuidervaart 1991, 76).


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